1. muon

    varying vev for a scalar field of complex charge, such as as the Higgs field

    Here is some background for my question, which is as I currently understand it (meaning, it may be wrong): In a self-interacting scalar field, the formula for potential energy can be given as (μ^2 * (Φ^2)/2) + (λ * (Φ^4)/4). In a field with an imaginary value for μ, μ^2 becomes negative...