Originally Posted by **Topsquark** Photons are the quanta of the electromagnetic field. They are point particles so far as we know. |

Every particle has spin. A photon's leading edge, UP, is separated from it's trailing edge, DOWN, by it's total vacuum exposure(mean distance from emission/from rest).

Should one measure a photon emitted by a star as it travels through the vacuum at any point before it is refracted by an atom, one must account for the fact that it is gravity that guides that photon to it's initial atomic refraction. Intervening that photon still travels via reflection, through the vacuum.

The initial atomic refraction of a photon, measured against it's initial emission amplitude, defines how much further that energy must travel before it comes to rest.

If one can measure the amplitude of the photon at emission and the baryon mass that emission has gravitated toward one can define the photon's vacuum delay.

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**>>Let initial emission baryon mass refraction(distance to mass rest) divided by emission point amplitude divided by the square of the vacuum intervening emission and rest = vacuum delay = c<<**

The previous equation is an attempt to measure the path of a standard photon to rest through baryon refraction. Without further significant consideration I cannot show that equation in this manner. I can provide the reason for this which is that the exercise requires evaluation of the path of a standard photon emission to final rest-in a purely gravitational field.

The only simple method I have to describe this is the path of a photon that does not encounter baryonic refraction. As I have alluded to previously, it is my consideration that the trailing edge of a photon does not truly leave the point of emission until it's final path to rest is resolved by baryonic refraction. Should a photon never encounter a baryon, it WILL collapse to the particle/s defined by it's original emission wavelength/amplitude, once it reaches it's wavelength dissolution limit.

Within this context the photon's vacuum delay can be measured between it's amplitude/wavelength and the distance intervening emission and collapse.

A photon develops 2 dimensional vacuum compression into 3 dimensional vacuum suspension, for all intents and purposes.

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HAWKING-SUSSKIND-KNOX Vacuum Confinement Principal

Let up = distance from emission/Alpha

Let down = distance to final rest - mass absorption/Omega

Let c = Vacuum interruption

Allow that the amplitudes measured in the standard photon electro-magnetic spectrum mediate vacuum delay.

Allow that the spectrum as analysed by Hawking-Susskind polarisation mediate vacuum advance.

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Where a standard photon describes a relatively straight line between it's emission and initial baryon refraction and any straight-line divergence can be measured as an EM photon's vacuum delay, an out-falling Hawking photon describes a path tangential to the relative straight line and measured in divergence by it's wavelength and amplitude before it intersects 3 dimensional vacuum and it's 'spin initiating' reflection, the tangential divergence of which can be measured as the vacuum advance of an out-falling Hawking photon.

To exhaustively define what is going on there is a somewhat more complex equation but that is as concise as can confine immediately.